Considered one of the relics of the ancient world, the lying and standing stones of Stonehenge are an enigma that continues to puzzle the world. There have been a variety of theories and much speculation in regards to its nature and its builders. One of the Stonehenge facts that we do know however, is that those stones will forever stand, shrouded in mystery and magic. In this post we have conjured some of the most interesting Stonehenge facts we could find about these mysterious rocks. There is much information lying about but these are some of the most certain facts about Stonehenge.
1. Stonehenge was built around the same time the Egyptians rose as an Empire
Many archaeologists and scientists believe that Stonehenge was raised somewhere around 3100BC. At the same time that early construction was carried out on the Stonehenge by our Neolithic ancestors, the Egyptians were building up their empire!
2. Stonehenge may be older than Writing
Whoever built Stonehenge had great timing because just as the Egyptians were expanding their empire, our first writing system was developed. The Cuneiform script gave rise to written communication and made life all the more civilized in an epoch that much needed it.
3. Stonehenge was a sacred burial site
When thinking of the rudimentary technology the builders of Stonehenge possessed, we wonder why they even bothered constructing such a grandiose monument. Most historians and archaeologists believe that Stonehenge was built as a sacred burial site and evidence in the form of human bones shows that this in fact was the case. Carbon dating on bones dug up in Stonehenge suggests that it was used a burial site since 3000BC and that this practice continued for 500 years.
4. The largest stones at Stonehenge weigh the equivalent of 5 elephants on average
Sarsens are the largest stones located at Stonehenge. They are up to 9 metres tall and weigh anywhere between 20 to 25 tonnes. There stones are the ones forming the outside circle of the monument.
5. The inner-circle stones were carried in from over 200 kilometres away from Stonehenge
The bluestones, which form the inner circle and usually weigh 4 tonnes are believed to have been brought from Wales. This is interesting because Wales is over 200 kilometres from where the stones are located today.
6. Lasers are being used to find out more about Stonehenge
The University of Birmingham, with the help of the IBM Visual and Spatial Technology Centre are utilizing a vast array of technology to analyse Stonehenge and the area around it. Apparently, studies already conducted with the new technology have provided lots of data which still need to be analysed by scientists.
7. The people believed to have built Stonehenge are called the Beaker Folk
The strange name comes from the many and distinct types of pottery used by these people for eating, drinking and storage. As a matter of fact, it is also believed that these people were some of the first Europeans to begin using metal to make their life easier.
8. The area around Stonehenge was believed to be sacred because of all the game in it
Food was probably one of the most important aspects for people in the Neolithic era. Food, apart from being foraged by gatherers was mainly hunted and from the quantity of bones and flint tool fragments found in the area around Stonehenge, historians believe it was a major hunting ground for people of the area.
9. Nobody has been allowed to touch the stones at Stonehenge since 1977
Due to vast erosive damage on the stones, visitors to the monument are no longer allowed to touch them. All of the stones are roped off to tourists but all are allowed to walk around Stonehenge from a distance.
10. Stonehenge is listed in UNESCO's World Heritage Site
The relic was listed as a World Heritage site in 1986 along with Avebury Henge and all of the area surrounding Stonehenge and the monument itself are protected by being a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown.
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